I find myself less driven lately and that’s OK. Six weeks after leaving the corporate world and my time has been occupied with household chores, dropping the kids off and picking them up from school, and puttering around fixing stuff. It’s been insightful and valuable in my transition from a fast-paced, outcome-focused work ethic to a slower-paced lifestyle. When I walk the dog, I am only walking the dog. When I am taking my younger son to school, I am present and engaged with him. I have a backlog of impactful work waiting for me to work on, but I am choosing to use a long period of active recovery after a long career. When the day is done, I am less focused on what I got done and more focused on how I feel. I am taking care of myself physically and mentally before I take care of others. This wasn’t always the case during my career.
I have learned there is a limit to how hard you can push yourself while still remaining healthy mentally and physically. During the early stages of the pandemic, I shared with my team that our communities, our team, our families need us to be excellent at what we do. I was working in cyber security and the threat environment, political environment, and the pandemic was creating difficult challenges for organizations around the world. I felt we needed to do better. However, the situation in 2020 (and 2021 for that matter) was also difficult for everyone personally and I was missing the impact on my team members. This message wasn’t the right message to send to myself or my team and it was burning me out. I took this snapshot in the middle of a long incident response and it captures how I felt at the time:
It’s always a good time to be excellent and to be present for your family, team, and community. Taking care of yourself mentally and physically is essential to sustainably take care of others. I changed my approach in late 2020 and started sharing with my team how I was feeling, where I was OK and where I wasn’t and what I was doing to move forward. I backed off on excellence in execution and focused more on compassion, empathy, and self-care. I don’t know if I struck the right balance but I do know that team members reached out and thanked me for sharing my challenges openly and no one thanked me for telling them to be excellent! In 2022, I read some of the research on active recovery in sports athletes and realized how it could be applied to corporate athletes as well.
Athletes have known about the benefits of active recovery for a long time. For example, doing low-intensity exercise after strenuous workouts to flush lactic acid out of the muscles for a better recovery (Menzies et al., 2010). In strength supports, such as weightlifting, optimal performance can be achieved using targeted stress and recovery programs, timed to the competitions (Story et al., 2012). When the body is stressed appropriately, and time is given to recovery and the right type of recovery, the body adapts to a new homeostatic line and a new level of ability:
Corporate athletes can benefit from the same approach and reset their neurobiology, solidify learning, and return to deep work successfully. According to the Gallup 2022 Workplace Report, 79% of corporate athletes are disengaged, 60% are emotionally detached, and 59% are stressed on a daily basis. Chronic stress can cause an excess of cortisol, resulting in increased likelihood of heart attack, stroke, or and hypertension (Power et al., 2020). According to Gallup, the amount of stress and worry facing corporate athletes continues upwards. Active recovery protocols can mitigate the effects of chronic stress, helping the corporate athlete perform better with less damage to their mind and body.
There is an additional benefit for the mind from active recovery. Peak mental performance is driven by neurobiology, with dopamine playing a role in achieving goals and motivation (Mohebi et al., 2019). If you drive too much dopamine through achievement, you risk neglecting the serotonergic system, which is involved in learning, memory, and happiness (Serotonin: What is it, Function & Levels). Spend time in active recovery to solidify learning and to feel the powerful benefits of what you have just accomplished.
Here are some of the active recovery activities that I have found useful when I have been executing for long periods without rest. I mix these in roughly every 90 minutes during the day, do longer sessions on Sundays, and schedule quarterly and annual multi-day recoveries:
- Nature immersion – nature experience improves happiness, positive social interactions, and a sense of meaning and purpose (Bratman et al., 2019). Even short walks in nature have proven benefits. I like to do shorter trips on weekends and a couple week long backcountry trips per year to realize these benefits.
- Walk – only walk, don’t listen to music, a podcast, or the news. Be aware of your steps, your breathing, and your thoughts. Meet new trees, new neighbors, and especially new dogs. Combine walking with nature immersion and you have multiple benefits. If you are in an urban environment, try to find a place with soils, trees, and plants.
- LovingKindness and mindfulness meditation – LovingKindness meditation increases joy, love, contentment, gratitude, pride, hope, interest, amusement, and awe (Fredrickson, et al., 2008). I alternate during the week between mindfulness and lovingkindness mediation. Don’t forget to include yourself in the list of people you wish joy, safety, and love.
- Breathwork – it’s amazing what you do to calm or excite your central nervous system using breathing. Sometimes you need energy, sometimes you need to calm yourself and both are possible with the right techniques. Use Box Breathing or the Doublet to engage the parasympathetic nervous and sympathetic nervous system as you need it.
- Cold exposure – this one has been a game changer for me. Cold water immersion is an effective recovery tool after high-intensity exercise with reduced muscle soreness, increased strength, and better perceived recovery (Moore et al., 2022). Deliberate cold exposure releases epinephrine and norepinephrine (Huberman, 2022) which increases alertness and focus which can be applied for some time after the exposure, benefiting corporate athletes. I was skeptical (and scared) at first and started with 30 seconds of cold exposure after workouts and increased slowly over a month to 5 minutes. I feel refreshed, energized and ready to tackle what is next. A protocol of 11 minutes total (or more) per week is enough to realize the benefits (Huberman, 2022).
Other techniques you should consider include hot baths, saunas, showers, cold immersion, sensory deprivation, nature immersion, massage, aimless play, stretching, meditation, light exercise, and sleep. When experiencing stress at work or at home, treat it as a sign that you need to engage in active recovery, even for a couple minutes. Choose your favorite activities from the list above and schedule blocks into your work week for active recovery – walking around the block, stretching at your desk, or nourishing and hydrating yourself. Put your oxygen mask on first and you will be much better able to help others during the day.
Menzies, P., Menzies, C., McIntyre, L. , Paterson, P., Wilson, J., Kemi, O.J. (2010). Blood lactate clearance during active recovery after an intense running bout depends on the intensity of the active recovery. Journal of Sports Sciences, 28:975:982. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2010.481721
Storey A., Smith H. K. (2012). Unique aspects of competitive weightlifting: performance, training and physiology. Sports Med. 42, 769–790. 10.1007/BF03262294
Power, N., Deschênes, S., Ferri, F., Schmitz, N. (2020). Job strain and the incidence of heart diseases: A prospective community study in Quebec, Canada. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, Volume 139. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2020.110268
Mohebi, A., Pettibone, J.R., Hamid, A.A. et al. (2019). Dissociable dopamine dynamics for learning and motivation. Nature 570, 65–70. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1235-y
Serotonin: What is it, Function & Levels (no date) Cleveland Clinic. Available at: https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/articles/22572-serotonin
Bratman, G.N., Anderson, C.B., Berman, M.G., Cochran, B., De Vries, S., Flanders, J., Folke, C., Frumkin, H., Gross, J.J., et. al. (2019). Nature and mental health: An ecosystem service perspective. ScienceAdvances, 5:7. https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aax0903.
Fredrickson, B. L., Cohn, M. A., Coffey, K. A., Pek, J., & Finkel, S. M. (2008). Open hearts build lives: positive emotions, induced through loving-kindness meditation, build consequential personal resources. Journal of personality and social psychology, 95(5), 1045–1062. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0013262
The Science and Use of Cold Exposure for Health and Performance. Available at: https://hubermanlab.com/the-science-and-use-of-cold-exposure-for-health-and-performance/
Moore, E., Fuller, J.T., Buckley, J.D. et al. Impact of Cold-Water Immersion Compared with Passive Recovery Following a Single Bout of Strenuous Exercise on Athletic Performance in Physically Active Participants: A Systematic Review with Meta-analysis and Meta-regression. Sports Med 52, 1667–1688 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-022-01644-9